We can break narrative tasks into two general categories: retell and generation.
To quickly recap...
⭐️ RETELL involves the "retelling" of a selected probe story
⭐️ GENERATION involves the production of a new, novel story
🤔 So why should I target narrative retell BEFORE narrative generation? 🤔
Well, I should preface: this answer may not apply to everyone, but I would venture to say it applies to MOST! Okay, now here's the short answer 👇🏼👇🏼
Narrative retell is effective in helping children to establish the "schema" or structure of a story.
Why is that important...? Glad you asked!
⭐️ Children are able to use the learned schema to more easily produce their own fictional and personal narratives
⭐️ Establishing a story schema reduces the cognitive load associated with narrative generation (remember, narrative generation is a VERY involved and complex language task)
⭐️ Establishing a story schema enables a child to create an infinite number of novel stories
What are other benefits of starting with retell?
👉🏼 The task is academically relevant (i.e., story recall is part of most elementary curriculums)
👉🏼 Retell can be viewed as an investment, creating a strong foundation for narrative generation skills
👉🏼 Retell facilitates language comprehension in a functional and relevant context
That all being said, I want to make something clear:
🚨Narrative retell is NOT a prerequisite for narrative generation🚨
Based on my review of the current literature and my personal clinical experience, I have found that targeting retell first (whether it be for a short amount of time or a lengthy amount of time), has made narrative generation skills easier to facilitate.
What are your thoughts? Drop them below! 👇🏼👇🏼